Neck pain (or cervicalgia) is a common problem, with two-thirds of the population having neck pain at some point in their lives.
The head is supported by the lower neck and upper back, and it is these areas that commonly cause neck pain. The top three joints in the neck allow for most movement of your neck and head. The lower joints in the neck and those of the upper back create a supportive structure for your head to sit on. If this support system is affected adversely, then the muscles in the area will tighten, leading to neck pain.
It is usually caused by poor body posture, for example, to people who work in front of a computer or sleep in inappropriate body postures, or to people who drive for long hours. Such pain can last from hours to days, or become a chronic problem.
The cervical collar
A cervical collar (also neck brace) is an orthopedic medical device used to support a patient’s neck and head. It is also used by emergency personnel for victims of traumatic head or neck injuries, and can be used to treat chronic medical neck conditions.
Cervical collars are also used therapeutically to help realign the spinal cord and relieve pain, Another use of the cervical collar is for strains, sprains or whiplash. If pain is persistent, the collar might be required to remain attached to help in the healing process. A patient may also need a cervical collar, or may require a halo fixation device to support the neck during recovery after surgery such as cervical spinal fusion.